YouTube公開 中国版画の末裔としての民国期ポスター~伝統の継承と変容を中心として~

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Posters from the Republic of China as the Descendants of Chinese Prints — Centering on Succession and Changes in Tradition

Tajima Natsuko
Ome Municipal Museum of Art

The history of manufacturing modern, multi-color lithograph posters on Western-style paper began in China at the end of the Qing Dynasty, as they were used by foreign-owned enterprises that were expanding into Hong Kong and Shanghai at the time. In the posters of these early foreign companies, it was common to use themes that were popular in Chinese prints, just as they were in the past. However, entering the period of the Republic of China (1912–1949) as The development of national capital in the country, contemporary subjects are favored, particularly those depicting women in cutting-edge fashion with modern hairstyles. Entering the 1930s, the increase in nationalist movements had an influence on poster design. In later times, posters depicting traditional themes and customs that overlap with Chinese prints were frequently made, including those made to commemorate the ascension of the emperor of occupied Manchuria, Puyi (1906–1967). In addition, as traditional Chinese prints circulated outside of China, the images they depicted promoted an understanding of “China” in Western countries, becoming models for occasions when there was a desire to express something with a Chinese atmosphere.